WERE WRITTEN, WITH THEIR AUTHORS (G5)
(Study Guide with Gitelson Ch.2 Pages in Red)
Thirteen British colonies in
A1. What date did
the thirteen colonies declare for independence and declare war on
A2. Who drafted the Declaration of Independence? (G 25)
A3. What document did Thomas Jefferson draft in 1776? (G 25)
A4. What was the name of the war that gave the thirteen colonies independence?
A5. When did the American Revolution (Revolutionary War) begin?
A6. When was the drafting of the Articles of Confederation begun? (G 27)
document was the first constitution of the
B. AFTER 1776 AND BEFORE 1789
The Articles of Confederation are ratified in 1781. Under this document, John Hanson of
Convention was held in
B1. What was the
first constitution of the
B2. When did the Articles
of Confederation officially become
B3. Who was the
first president of the
B4. What is the difference between Federalists and Anti-Federalists, and who represented each group? (G 25)
B5. Who was the head of the Constitutional Convention that was called to revise the Articles of Confederation? (G 29)
B6. Where was the Constitutional Convention held? (G 28)
B7. What was the result of the meetings?
B8. Who is known as the "Father of the Constitution" and mainly wrote it? (G 25)
B9. What is the principle of separation of powers? (G 53)
B10. What is federalism? (G 37)
B11. What was the purpose of the Federalist Papers? (G 52)
B12. What did Madison, Hamilton, and Jay create to help gain support for the new Constitution? (G 52)
B13. What was their pen name?
of the U.S. Constitution
meant it would be the supreme law of the
land. This means it takes power over all state laws. It guaranteed a firm union of people, a
strong central government and a balance of representation of each state in
Congress. George Washington
was inaugurated as the first president of the
Example: the state of
The first ten amendments to the Constitution are popularly known as the Bill of Rights. James Madison wrote the Bill of Rights (and later amendments) in 1789. Anti-Federalists were pleased with the Bill of Rights introduced to Congress because they favored guarantees of individual rights.
C1. What year did the new U.S. Constitution become effective?
C2. Who became the
president of the
C3. Did all states ratify the new laws immediately?
C4. What is meant by the phrase "supreme law of the land?" (G 43)
C5. What are the first ten amendments to the Constitution also known as? (G 42)
C6. Who wrote the Bill of Rights? (G 42)
C7. What did the Bill of Rights guarantee? (G 42)
D. AFTER 1789
The Bill of Rights was ratified by all states after 1789. It safeguards some of the most precious American principles, which includes protections for freedom of religion, speech, and the press. It is the foundation of civil rights and civil liberties. It became effective two years after it was drafted and introduced to Congress. Today, there are twenty-seven amendments to the Constitution.
D1. What was the purpose of the Bill of Rights? (G 42)
D2. When did they become effective? (G 43F)
D3. What does the
Bill of Rights give to
D4. How many amendments to the Constitution are there today? (G 47F)