Notes, 1:00 p.m. Spring 2001, 1/24/00
THE CREATION OF LEVELS AND BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT
The Principle of Federalism
Federalism creates two different levels of government.
The first level is called the Federal level. This level is also called the national or central government, or just “the government”.
The second level is called State level.
The Principles of Separation of Powers
The Principles of Separation of Powers creates three branches of government. They are the Executive, Legislative and Judicial branches.
The Executive Branch includes the President of the United States, the Vice-President, and the Cabinet.
The Legislative Branch includes all members of Congress – 100 U.S. Senators and 435 U.S. Representatives.
The Judicial Branch includes justices who serve on each State Supreme Court and justices who serve on the U.S. Supreme Court.
The Justices Who Serve
Each State Supreme Court has 1 Chief Justice and 6 Associate Justices.
The United States Supreme Court has 1 Chief Justice and 8 Associate Justices.