Notes, Spring 2001,
Foreign Policy (H) REVISED, MARCH 4, 2003
World War II
Countries that were part of the Allies, including mainly the U.S., Great
Britain, Soviet Union, China, and France.† Among the wartime leaders of the Allies were U.S.
Presidents Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry Truman
(succeeding FDR after his death in 1945) and Joseph Stalin of the
Countries that were part of the Axis powers included
mainly the countries of Germany,
and Japan.† Among the wartime leaders of the Axis Powers
were Adolf Hitler of Germany
and Benito Mussolini of Italy.
is the country that signed a peace treaty with Egypt
at Camp David, Maryland
during the Carter
the country that signed a peace treaty with Israel
at Camp David, Maryland
during the Carter Administration.
the country U.N. nations fought during the Persian Gulf War.† Saddam Hussein is
the president of Iraq.
is the country where American hostages were held for over a year.
is the country that was invaded by Iraq
during the Persian Gulf War under the first President Bush
stands for Palestine
Liberation Organization.† Its current
leader is Yasser Arafat.
is the country located just north of Israel.† President Reagan ordered American
forces to bomb it.
is the largest republic in Yugoslavia.
††† Bosnia became an
independent country from Yugoslavia
is part of the republic of Serbia
that is heavily populated by Islamic peoples.
is a country currently engaged in a conflict in Kosovo.
is the country in which President Woodrow Wilson sent American troops in
World War I.† America
entered the war in 1917.
for the North American Treaty Organization.
was the alliance of the Soviet Union and its communist
is the wall that was built by the communists.†
The Wall fell in 1989.† Three Baltic countries, Latvia, Lithuania, and
declared their independence from the Soviet Union.† The Soviet Union was
the name of the communist country, which is called Russia
today.† The Soviet Union
ceased to exist soon after the fall of the Berlin Wall, ending the Cold War.
The Contras of
received the profits made during the Iran-Contra
affair under President Reagan.
central government received military aid from the U.S.
under the Reagan
the only communist country in the Western Hemisphere.
Republic of China is a communist country founded by Mao Tse-tung.
China is a country founded by Chiang Kai-shek.† The Chinese nationalists led by Chiang fled
to the island of Formosa
or Taiwan.† The Republic of China is not a communist
is the country where American troops fought under the Nixon and
a divided country.† The 38th
Parallel divides North Korea
Korea.† Along the 38th
Parallel is the DMZ or Demilitarized Zone between Communist North
Korea and anti-Communist South Korea.
President Harry Truman helped in the creation of the United Nations in San
Francisco in 1945.† The current location of the U.N.O. headquarters is New
The countries that have the most power with permanent seats on
the Security Council are the U.S.,
and China.† Note that Chinaís
Nationalist Party as well as its Communist Party fought on the side of the World
War II Allies against the Axis Powers.†