THREE BRANCHES STUDY GUIDE .1 (GITELSON, CHAPTER 11)

 

 

·        What branch does the president belong to and at what level of government?

·        EXECUTIVE BRANCH

 

·        Which document gave the president power?

·        U.S. CONSTITUTION

 

·        Which branch of the federal government creates federal laws in the United States?

·        LEGISLATIVE BRANCH

 

·        What is the other name for the legislative branch at the federal level?

·        CONGRESS

 

·        If the president does not like a proposed bill from Congress, what can he do?

·        HE CAN  RETURN  A BILL  TO CONGRESS WITH A VETO.

 

·        How many days does the president have to respond to a bill?

·        10 DAYS

 

·        What is a pocket veto?

·        WHEN THE PRESIDENT DOESN’T SIGN THE BILL WITHIN 10 DAYS AND CONGRESS IS NOT IN SESSION, IT EFFECTIVELY KILLS BILL .

 

·        How many votes does it take to override a veto?

·        2/3 OF THE VOTE IN THE HOUSE AND THE SENATE THE BILL WILL BECOME A LAW

 

·        What does the president do if he likes a proposed bill?

·        HE MUST SIGN IT WITHIN 10 DAYS

 

·        May a bill be introduced again in the House of Representatives if it’s dead?

·        YES. ONCE THE BILL IS DEAD IT MAY BE PROPOSED AGAIN

 

·        Where does the bill go after leaving the House?

·        TO THE U.S. SENATE

 

·        If the president does not sign or veto the bill in 10 days, what happens to the bill?

·        IF THE CONGRESS IS IN  SESSION, THE BILL WILL AUTOMATICALLY  BECOME A LAW. IF THE CONGRESS IS NOT IN SESSION THE BILL DIES BUT MAY BE PROPOSED AGAIN

 

·        What is another term for a bill that is pocket vetoed?

·        POCKET VETO

 

·        What is the other name of the U.S. Senate?

·        SENATE  CHAMBER

 

·        What is the other name of the U.S House of Representatives?

·        CHAMBER OR HOUSES OF  CONGRESS

 

·        What is a line-item veto?

·        The line-item veto gives the president power to choose a portion of the bill and sign it into law.

 

·        Which court ruled the line-item veto unconstitutional?

·        U.S. Supreme Court

 

·        Does the president have line-item veto power now?

·        YES

 

·        What is the term for picking a certain portion of the bill to become law?

·        LINE-ITEM VETO

·        If the president commits a crime what can the House of Representatives do?

·        RECOMMEND AN IMPEACHMENT

 

·        If the House impeaches the president what does the Senate do?

·        HAS THE POWER TO HOLD A TRIAL OF IMPEACHMENT

 

·        What chamber of Congress is allowed to hold a trial of impeachment?

·        U.S. SENATE

 

·        Name the two presidents, who have faced impeachment?

·        ANDREW JACKSON

·        BILL CLINTON

 

·        How many votes does the U.S. Senate need to remove the president from office?

·        2/3 VOTE OF THE SENATE

 

 

·        If the president is removed, who will take his position?

·        THE  VICE PRESIDENT TAKES OVER

 

·        How many years are there in a presidential term?

·        FOUR YEAR TERM

 

·        How many times can a president be elected?

·        TWICE

 

·        Who takes the place of the president if he is too ill to serve the country?

·        THE VICE PRESIDENT

 

·        What is a person running for re-election called?

·        INCUMBENT

 

 

·        What president served more than two terms in office?

·        FRANKLIN DELANO ROOSEVELT

 

·         Who took office after Franklin Roosevelt died?
HARRY TRUMAN

 

·        What two branches check the president?

·        UNITED STATE CONGRES

·        U.S. SUPREME COURT

 

 

·        How many U.S. Senators are there in the U.S?

·        100 SENATORS

 

·        .How many representatives are there in the U.S.?

·        435 REPRESENTATIVES

 

·        How many years is a Senator’s term?

·        SIX YEAR TERM

 

·        How  many years is a Representative’s term?

·        TWO YEAR TERM

 

·        What area does a Senator serve?

·        WHOLE STATE

 

·        What area does a Representative serve?

·        CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT (CD)

 

 

·        What is the abbreviation for congressional district?

·        C.D.

 

·        Is there a term limit for U.S. Senate and House of Representatives?

·        NO THERE ARE NO TERM LIMIT FOR BOTH U.S. SENATE AND HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

 

 

·        What year was the U.S Constitution ratified?

·        1789

 

·        Can both the house and the senate declare war?

·        YES

 

·        Can both the house and the senate propose amendments?

·        YES

 

·        Can the house and the senate pass bills to the president?

·        YES

 

·        Can the house and the senate establish courts in addition to the U.S. Supreme Court?

·        YES

 

·        Who determines appellate jurisdiction of the U.S. Supreme Court?

·        SENATE AND THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

 

·        Who determines the salary of a federal judge?

·        SENATE AND THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

 

 

·        What chamber of Congress proposes tax bills?

·        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

 

·        What chamber of Congress proposes spending bills?

·        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

 

·        Can the House of Representatives impeach the president, justices, and federal judges?

·        YES

Can the Senate try and impeach federal judges?

·        YES

 

·        What chamber of Congress can ratify treaties?

·        THE SENATE

 

·        Who can confirm federal judges and presidential appointments?

·        THE SENATE

What are the two main powers of the Supreme Court?

·        INTERPRET LAW

·        EXERCISE JUDICIAL REVIEW

 

 

 

·        What amendments does “Miranda vs. Arizona” interpret?

 

 

 

·        What amendment mentions Due Process?

 

 

 

·        MARBURY V. MADISON

 

 

·        What branch of the U.S federal Government can interpret laws and declare laws unconstitutional?

 

·        YES

 

·        Who serves as commander in Chief of armed forces?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes for  today 6/25/02

 

 

 

 

 

 

Executive Office of the President (E.O.P)

 

Office of  Management and Budget (OMB) / formerly, Bureau of  Budget

 

National Security Council  ( NSC)

 

Department of Justice

Headed by Attorney General