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ANSWERS TO SHANK, CASE STUDY 4
RACE-BASED AFFIRMATIVE ACTION IN COLLEGE ADMISSIONS --
KEEP IT, MEND IT, OR END IT: CALIFORNIA PROPOSITION 209 IN 1996 (K)

A.  Preview of the Study Guide

Answers A:
A1.Affirmative action

A2.Affirmative action

A3.Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas

A4.Pete Wilson

A5.Martin Luther King

A6.Thurgood Marshall

A7.Chief Justice 

A8.Bakke

A9.Regents of the University of California

A10. 14th Amendment

A11. Cold War

B.  From World War II to Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas (1954)

Answers B:
B1.World War II 

B2.Adolph Hitler, Nazi

B3.Mussolini, Fascist

B4.Franklin D. Roosevelt, Democrat

B5.Harry S. Truman

B6.Hiroshima and Nagasaki

B7.Cold War

B8.Cold War

B9.United Nations or United Nations Organization

B10. San Francisco

B11. New York 

B12. United States, Soviet Union, China, Great Britain, and France

B13. North Atlantic Treaty Organization 

B14. Canada, Great Britain, France, Denmark, Iceland, Italy, Norway, and Portugal

B15. Civil Rights Movement

B16. Martin Luther King

B17. Southern Christian Leadership Conference 

C.  Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas (1954) 

Answers C: 
C1.1954

C2.Brown

C3.Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas

C4.Brown v. Board of Education overturns Plessy v. Ferguson

C5.Martin Luther King

C6.Plessy v. Ferguson

C7.Earl Warren

C8.Thurgood Marshall 

C9.NAACP

C10. de jure segregation required by law

C11. de facto segregation required due to choices made by people rather than by law 

D.  Regents of the University of California v. Bakke

 

Answers D:
D1.Bakke
D2.Regents of the University of California

D3.Supreme Court

D4.Class action

D5.Thurgood Marshall

D6.William Rehnquist

D7.National Association for the Advancement of Colored People 

D8.Plessy v. Ferguson

E.  From Cold War to Proposition 209 (California Civil Rights Initiative)

Answers E:
E1.1989

E2.Cold War

E3.Poland, Czech Republic, and Hungary

E4.Soviet Union

E5.Warsaw Pact

E6.Pete Wilson

E7.Proposition 209

E8.Republican Party

E9.Cuban Missile Crisis

F. California Civil Rights Initiative (Proposition 209)

Answers F:
F1.Pete Wilson 

F2.Pete Wilson 

F3.Pete Wilson 

F4.Republican Party 

F5.Pete Wilson

F6.Pete Wilson

F7.Pete Wilson

F8.Yes

F9.Affirmative action 

G.  Presidents, Political Parties, and Slogans

Answers G:
G1.Harry S. Truman 

G2.Bill Clinton

G3.John F. Kennedy

G4.Lyndon B. Johnson

G5.John F. Kennedy

G6.Harry S. Truman 

G7.Dwight Eisenhower

G8.John F. Kennedy

G9.Lyndon B. Johnson 

G10. Bill Clinton

H.  Supreme Court Chief Justice and Associate Justices 

Answers H: 
H1.William Rehnquist

H2.Sandra O’Connor

H3.Antonin Scalia 

H4.Thurgood Marshall helped overturn Plessy v. Ferguson through Brown v. Board of Education 

H5.Ruth Bader Ginsburg 

H6.Thurgood Marshall 

H7.Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court

H8.

H9.

J.  Social and Political Movements: Civil Rights Movements

Answers J:
J1.ACLU 

J2.Democratic party

J3.Martin Luther King

J4.Jesse Jackson 

J5.Martin Luther King

J6.Jesse Jackson

J7.Democratic party 

J8.National Association for the Advancement of Colored People

J9.Civil Rights Movement

K. Farmers movements and interest groups

Answers K:
K1.American Farm Bureau Federation

K2.National Grange

K3.National Farmers Alliance

K4.AFBF and National Grange

K5.NFA, NFO, and NFU

K6.National Farmers Organization

K7.National Farmers Union

 

L. Women’s pro-life and pro-choice movements, and interest groups

Answers L:
L1.National Organization for Women 

L2.Democratic party

L3.Pro-choice and Democratic party

L4.Democratic party

L5.Democratic party

M.Labor movements

Answers M:

M1.Cesar Chavez

M2.Democratic party

M3.American Federation of Labor – Congress of Industrial Organizations

M4.United Farm Workers 

M5.International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers 

M6.UFW

N. Environmental movements

Answers N:
N1.Environmental Defense Fund 

N2.Sierra club 

N3.Environmental Defense Fund 

N4.Democratic party

N5.Democratic party

N6.Democratic party