ANSWERS TO Carney, student learning outcomes and study guide (8.8)

 

11th  EDITION, cARNEY Chapter 8 California legislature (pages 83-91)

 

After completing this section of study with the stapled sheets and

Carney, chapter 8 pages 83 Ė 91 and page 54 the student will be able to:

 

A.  Compare the structure, membership, terms of office (including term limit), and demographic characteristics of the members of the California legislature with the structure, membership, terms of office (including term limit), and demographic characteristics of members of the U.S. Congress.  (Carney, pp. 83 top to 84 center)

 

1.      Excluding Nebraska, the legislatures of all American states, along with Congress,

      are __________ in structure.

                   bicameral

         

          2.   [Like members of the U.S. House of Representatives,] California State Assembly

                members serve a term of __________ years.

                   2       

                  

          3.   How many members make up the State Assembly, the lower legislative house??

                   80

 

          4.   How many members make up the upper house of the California legislature,

               also known as the State Senate?

                   40

 

          5.   How many years are in one term for a California State Senator serving in Sacramento?

                   6

         

          6.   What racial or ethnic group dominates the California State Legislature is

                   white OR whites

         

          7.   What two occupational group dominate the California Legislature [and Congress]?                    

businesspeople and lawyers OR lawyers and businesspeople

 

8.   Are there more women or men in the California Legislature?

          men

 

9.   Are there many low income members of the California Legislature?

          no

 

10. The passage of a 1990 proposition resulted in a more diverse membership in the

      California state legislature by establishing __________ __________.

          term limits

 

 

B.  Analyze the role of the California legislature in gerrymandering state legislative districts and congressional districts.  (Carney, p. 84 top and first footnote)

 

     1.  What must the California Legislature redraw every ten years?

              district boundaries

    

     2.  In the executive branch of California government, the __________ can approve

          or disapprove new district boundaries drawn by the California Legislature

              governor

 

     3.  When Californiaís legislature and governor cannot agree on new district

     district boundaries, the conflict is settled by the Supreme Court of what state?

              California

 

4.     A Democratic gerrymander occurs when new districts spread the votes of

     __________ over as many districts as possible to maximize their safe districts

          Democrats

 

5.  A Republican gerrymander occurs when new districts spread the votes of

     __________ over as many districts as possible to maximize their safe districts

          Republicans

 

6.     In the most recent California bipartisan gerrymander, all 120 legislative and 53 Congressional districts were made safely __________ or safely __________ so that no party lost a California state legislative or Congressional seat.

     Democratic, Republican OR Republican, Democratic

 

 

C.  Compare the leadership positions in the California Assembly and their

       power  with the leadership positions in the U.S. House of Representatives. 

      (Carney, pp. 84 end to 85 end)

 

1.  [The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer in the U.S. House of Representatives.] 

     Who is the presiding officer in the California Assembly?                                                           †††† Speaker of the Assembly

 

     2.  The __________   __________   __________   __________ chooses the Assembly majority

          floor leader.                                            

          ††† Speaker of the Assembly

 

     3.  Is the minority floor leader of the California Assembly selected by the

         Speaker of the Assembly?                                                                 

        †††††  No

 

 

D. Compare the process of lawmaking in the California legislature with the

     process of lawmaking in the U.S. Congress (Carney, pp. 85-89)

    

     1.  [In Congress and] in the California Legislature a __________ introduces a bill

           †† member

 

2.  [In Congress and] in the California Legislature, ideas for bills often come from the

     executive branch or from interest groups, also called                             

      ††† pressure groups 

 

     3.  [In Congress and] in the California Legislature, hearings on a bill may be held by a

          standing (or policy) __________.                          

          ††† committee

 

4.     [In Congress and] in the California Legislature, public testimony on bills may be heard in a

††††† __________ or__________committee.                                                                           

standing, policy OR policy, standing

 

     5.  [In Congress and] in the California Legislature, about half the bills [or more] do not 

          receive a committee report because they are tabled or                                                                     ††† pigeonholed

 

6.  [In Congress and] in the California Legislature, how many houses must consider a bill before

     it is sent to the executive branch                                                                                             †††† 2

 

7.  [The U.S. Senate allows minority party filibusters.]  Are minority party filibusters

     allowed in Californiaís legislature?  

     †††† no

 

 

E.  Explain the choices that a California governor may make after receiving  a bill and the consequence of each choice (Carney, p. 89 center)

 

     1 . Does a bill signed by the governor go into effect?                                                                                                                  ††††††† yes


     2.  Does a bill not signed by a California governor in 12 days while the state legislature

          remains in session become law without the governorís signature?                         

          ††† yes    

 

3.  What is the term for the power of the governor to reduce or eliminate an item in an

     appropriation bill?                               

     †††† item veto     

 

4.     What fraction of the two houses of the state legislature must vote to override a governor's

††† veto?      

2/3

 

5. Are California governorís vetoes often overridden?  

      ††††††††† no