Carney, student learning outcomes and study guide (2)
Institutions of U.S Government and
California Local Government (B)
A. Describe orally and in writing the five levels and three branches of
U.S. government. (See “Study Guide for page 838,” questions #1-53 and the chart
on the reverse side.)
1. Name the five levels of U.S. Government and give the headquarters for each.
2. How many counties are there in California?
3. Approximately how many special districts are there and what is an example of one?
4. Give the names of the two houses of Congress as well as the number of members and term
length for each.
5. Give the names of the two houses of the state legislature as well as the number of members
and term length for each.
6. What are the names of the three types of local government in the legislative branch?
7. Who heads the executive branch at the state level?
8. What are the three types of local government?
9. How many levels have made up the judicial branch?
10. How many members make up the U.S. Supreme Court?
11. Name the state courts found at three different levels of government.
B. Provide the basic facts about each level and branch of U.S. Government orally and in
writing. (See study guide for page 838, questions # 1-53 and the chart on the reverse side )
1. In the federal level of the legislative branch, how many U.S. Senators are there frin
each state and how long are their terms?
2. In the federal level of the legislative branch how many members are there in the
House of Representatives and how long do they serve?
3. How long does a member of the Board of Supervisors serve and what level of the
legislative branch does this represent?
4. How many city council members are there in the city of L.A. compared to
the number in the smallest cities?
5. What is the name of the legislative branch at the special district level?
6. Are there law enforcement agents at the federal level of the executive branch?
7. The Chancellor of the L.A. Community College District is an example of an official
at which level of the executive branch?
8. The highest court at the federal level of the judicial branch is known as the ________
9. How many members serve on the California state supreme court?
C. Explain the relationship of local government as defined in the U.S. Constitution, the California Constitution and state statutes [also called laws]. (See Carney, p.115, top)
1. Does the U.S. Constitution determine local governments? (p. 115, top)
2. Does the California Constitution determine local governments? (p. 115, top)
3. Do California statutes [also called laws] determine local governments? (p. 115, top)
4. What level of government creates and regulates local units of government? (p. 115, top)
D. Explain the financial relationship between California and its local governments,
how it was affected by Proposition 13, and how it changed under Governor
Schwarzenegger. ( See Carney, p. 115 center through 117 top)
1. Did the state of California loot its local governments budgets? ( p. 115, center)
2. Did Proposition 13 cause local governments budgets to be overstretched? ( p. 115, center)
3. Did Proposition 1A, supported by Governor Schwarzenegger, reduce or increase the looting
of the budgets of local governments budgets? (p. 117 top)
4 Under what circumstances can the Proposition 1A be suspended? (p.117, top)
E. State basic facts about and give examples of each one of the three levels of local
government. (See Carney, pp. 116 map for the ten most southern California counties;
117 center through 119 top and 120 top through 121 top)
1. How many counties does California have? (p. 117 center )
2. What is the most populous county in California? (p. 117, center)
3 Every county is required to elect a governing body called a ______. (p. 117, center )
4. _______ are the most varied and numerous of all units of government (p. 120, center )
5. Give at least six examples of purposes served by special districts. (p. 120, center )
F. State the primary service(s) each one of the three levels of local government spends
the most funds to deliver. ( See Carney, pp. 117 end, 118 end, 120 center)
1. What are the two greatest county expenditures? (p. 117, end )
2. On what do city governments spend the most revenue? (p. 118, end )
3. What unit of local government has more annual financial transactions than the other
two levels of local government combined? (p. 120, center)
4. Name at least six services provided by special districts. (p. 120, center )
G. Describe California regional governance and provide two examples of
voluntary associations of local government (Carney p.121)
1. What are two types of problems that require regional solutions?
Answer: growth management, transportation
2. What are three examples of growth management problems that may require regional
solutions through regional governance? (p. 121 top)
Answer: air quality, water management, waste management
3. What kind of problems do voluntary associations of governments deal with in California?
4. What are two examples of voluntary associations of governments that deal in with
regional problems in California (p.121 footnote).
Answer: Sourthern California Association of Governments (SCAG), Association of
Bay Area Governments (ABAG)
H. Explain the purpose, justification for and affects of Proposition 13. (Carney, pp. 80 center through 82 top)
1. Has the ability of local governments to raise funds for health and human services been
reduced or increased? (p. 80 center)
3. What kind of taxes raised those funds raised before Proposition 13? (p. 80 center)
4. What kind of tax did Proposition 13 limit? (p. 80 end)
5. Which three kinds of governments depended on property tax? (p. 81 end)
6. What was the justification for Proposition 13? (p. 81 end)
7. What caused huge increases in property taxes before Proposition 13? (p. 81 end)
8. Owners of what kind of property receive most tax relief under Proposition 13? (p. 82 top)
J. Explain which institutions of government have the power to change Proposition 13.
and whether they are likely to change it (Carney, p. 82 center through 82 end)
1. Do most homeowners support or oppose changing Proposition 13? (p. 82 center)
2. Has the U.S. Supreme Court ruled on Proposition 13? (p. 82 end)
3. Did the U.S. Supreme Court uphold or overturn Proposition 13? (p. 82 end)
4. Does the
5. Is the
6. Currently is
there a financial crisis in