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SB CHAPTER 8:  STEPS IN PRESIDENTIAL SELECTION (2.7)

 

 I. NOMINATION BY POLITICAL PARTIES

 

II. SELECTION AMONG PARTY NOMINEES AND INDEPENDENTS

A. February through June

     Selection of delegates by

     each party in each state

     using method 1,2, or 3, as

     determined by state law. 

     (SB 188m, 198-199,

      200 end-201 top)        

B. Aug (D) and  September (R)

    Choice of party nominee by

     convention delegates from each

     state and U.S. territory

     (SB 201, top-center)

 

C. November

     Popular vote in each state and

     Washington, D.C. determines

     choice of winning slate/list/block

     of candidates for elector in each

     state and D.C. (SB 201end-202)

D. December

      Electors vote in each

      state capital and

      Washington D.C./

      the Electoral College

      (SB 201-203) [180m]

 

E. January

     House of

     Representatives

     votes, one vote

     per state, if

     necessary

     (SB 202 center)

1. Primary election

    reform of the

    Progressive Movement

    (SB 188m )

2. State convention –

    reform initiated by

    Andrew Jackson.

   (SB 199 center)

 

3. Caucusfirst method

    (SB 199m)

National Presidential Nominating

Convention

(SB 201, top-center)

 

  1. Rallies party activists
  2. Writes platforms [SB 176m]
  3. Selects nominee for vice president (chosen by the presidential nominee—note

Geraldine Ferraro [SB 112 end] and Joseph Lieberman,

[SB 263] )            

 

Voters from each state choose

from among party nominees

and independents, but actually

are choosing among slates/lists/blocks of candidates

for state and Wash.  D.C. elector.

(SB 201end-202)

 

 1 elector for each House

   of  Representatives member   = 435

 1 elector for each Senator         = 100

 3 electors for Wash D.C. =              3

Total number of electors=         538

 

Number of each state’s electors equals number of people serving it in Congress.  Washington D.C. has the same number as the least populated state

 

(538 electors, divided by

2 plus 1 = majority of 270 required to select the President)

 

Note the possibility of the faithless elector.

Minor parties or independent candidates may hold the balance of power  (SB 203 center)

Majority, plurality, or                         Majority decision rule                                  Plurality decision rule                                 Majority decision rule

proportional representation                                                                                       (also called winner-take-all

decision rules, depending on                                                                                       and unit rule)

the state and the party 

 

See—http://www.lib.Virginia.edu/gic/elections/index.                                                     http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/electoral-college/index.html 

Center for the Study of Voting and Democracy,                                                                http://www.avagara.com/e_c/ 

  San Francisco,  http://www.fairvote.org/                                                                          http://www.bluegrass.kctcs.edu/LCC/HIS/101/electoral.html#map