CRISIS IN YUGOSLAVIA STUDY SHEET
IMPORTANT WEB PAGES
ü Before 1989 the world was bipolar, or made up of two major world powers.
ü These two major world powers were The United States and The USSR.
ü Today the world is no longer bipolar but unipolar, or made up of one major world power.
ü That world power is The United States of America.
NATO = North Atlantic Treaty Organization
ü North Atlantic Treaty signed in Washington on April 4th 1949 to counter the “Iron Curtain” created in Europe by the USSR.
ü Member countries include: Belgium, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Turkey, United Kingdom and United States.
ü The Czech Republic, Poland, and Hungary were once a part of the Warsaw Pact, which was made up of communist nations, but when communism fell in these nations they were admitted into NATO.
ü The Czech Republic, Poland
ü In 1954 the Federal Republic of Germany was admitted into NATO, and this made the USSR uncomfortable.
ü In 1989 with great influence from NATO, the Berlin Wall fell in Germany.
ü This can be seen as the official END of the Cold War.
ü The North Atlantic Treaty Organization is still going strong today, and is currently heading the situation in Yugoslavia.
ü Signed in 1954 by the USSR and its satellites to counter NATO.
ü This signing can be seen as the official START of the Cold War.
ü The Warsaw Pact is made up of communist nations with the USSR as its leader.
ü In 1991 just two years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, the Warsaw Pact ended.
ü The President of Yugoslavia is Mr. Slobodan Milosevic.
ü He is currently resisting NATO attacks, refusing to stop the slaughtering in Kosovo.
ü NATO is heading the attack on Yugoslavia, and has not stopped its bombing runs on Belgrade, the nation’s capital.