Answers to Gender Equity Study Guide


A.  Introduction to Gender Equity


A1.  National Collegiate Athletic Association is a national interest group composed of universities concerned  

     with collegiate athletics

A2.  Federal bureaucracy in the executive branch

A3.  By having just one football team, one basketball team, one soccer team, which would result in the best

     athletes making the team

A4.  No

A5.  Branches of government, levels of government, interest groups, civil liberties, civil rights, affirmative

     action, and court cases


B.  History of Gender Discrimination


B1.  1789

B2.  Federalists

B3.  George Washington, Alexander Hamilton, Benjamin Franklin, James Madison

B4.  Nineteenth

B5.  1917

B6.  Woodrow Wilson

B7.  New Freedom

B8.  Democrat


B9.  1954

B10. Martin Luther King

B11. Dwight D. Eisenhower

B12. Roe v. Wade

B13. Richard Nixon

B14. Operation Rescue


C.  Lawmaking:  Congress and President


C1.  Two

C2.  Senate and House of Representatives

C3.  Legislative

C4.  Six years

C5.  Two

C6.  Congressmen, Congresswomen, Congresspersons

C7.  A state’s population after they have received a minimum of one representative

C8.  Two years


C9.  Law

C10. Two-thirds

C11. A veto occurs when the President returns a bill to Congress and a pocket veto occurs when the

         President refuses to sign a bill during the last ten days Congress is in session

C12. Pocket veto

C13. Congress

C14. President Richard Nixon

C15. Watergate Scandal


D.  Interest Groups


D1.  To influence government actions so that members of the group will benefit

D2.  Pressure group

D3.  All levels

D4.  All branches

D5.  All major political parties


E.  Three Branches of Government


E1.  Three

E2.  Legislative, executive, judicial

E3.  Judicial

E4.  U.S. Supreme Court

E5.  Executive

E6.  Legislative

E7.  Making laws


E8.  Cold War

E9.  Ronald Reagan

E10. William Rehnquist


F.  Five Levels of Government


F1.  Five

F2.  Federal, state, county, city, special district

F3.  County, city, special district

F4.  All levels

F5.  Elementary & Secondary Education Act

F6.  Bosnia

F7.  Special district


G.  Civil Liberties and Civil Rights:  Background


G1.  Limited government

G2.  Civil liberties and civil rights

G3.  Court order allowing a person to appear before a judge to determine whether he is being held lawfully

G4.  Prohibited

G5.  Prohibited

G6.  Bill of Rights

G7.  Fourteenth


H.  Civil Liberties and Civil Rights:  Court Cases


H1.  Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas

H2.  Plessy v. Ferguson

H3.  Brown

H4.  Thurgood Marshall

H5.  National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)

H6.  Earl Warren


H7.  Regents of the University of California v. Bakke

H8.  Granted admission

H9.  Uphold affirmative action


H10. Republican

H11. George Bush

H12. Somalia

H13. 1989