For Tuesday, July 29, 2002

 

 

GITELSON CHAPTER 12: BUREAUCRACY

 

What is a bureaucracy?

 

A bureaucracy is any large complex organization in which employees carry out specific job responsibility within a hierarchy. This term is often used to refer to both government agencies and the people who work in them. (G p.321).

 

Political appointees:

 

Government officials who occupy the approximately three thousand most strategical important positions in the federal government and who are appointed by the president. About six hundred of these appointed are to be reviewed by the Senate.(G p. 323)

 

Cabinet:

 

An official advisory board to the president, made up of the heads of the fourteen major departments in the federal government. (G p. 323)

 

Patronage:

 

A system of filling government positions in which whom a person knows is more important than what the person knows. (G p. 323)

 

Spoils system:

 

A patronage system in which government jobs at all levels are given to members of the party that has won the top political office.

 

Pendleton act: A law passed in 1883 that establishes the first merit-based personnel system for the federal government.

 

Merit system: a system that stresses the ability, education, and the job performance of government employees rather than their political backgrounds.

 

 

Federal. Bureaucracy

 

Executive Officer of the President (EOP) / pp. 185F, 185-192

 

The White House Office (WHO) / p. 327 G/ presidents closest advisors and speech writers

Office of Management & Budget (OMB) former Bureau of the Budget / p. 327 G/ drafts budget; manage spending. It receives budget requests from other agencies.

National Security Council (NSC) / p.327 G/ advises on national security and foreign policy.

 

 

 

 

 

Cabinet Departments/ pp.328 Gitelson

 

Department of Agriculture (USDA) ;  G. 335, 337, 417/

Department of Commerce (DOC) ; Census Bureau

Department of Defense (DOD)

 

 

Department of Education (DOEd); [1-800-USA-LEARN TO RECEIVE COMMUNITY UPDATE]

Department of Energy (DOE)

Department of Health and Human Services (HHS); FDA/CDC/NIH/PHS

Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)

Department of the Interior (DOI); NPS/BIA/DEA/BOP

Department of Justice (DOJ) ; FBI/INS/DEA/BOP

Department of Labor (DOL) ; BLS/OFCCP/OSHA (not Cal-OSHA)

Department of State (DOS) ; Foreign Service

Department of Transportation (DOT) ; U.S. Coast Guard/ NTSB

                                                            STB/UMTA/FAA/

Department of Treasury Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco & firearms (BATF)

                                         Customs Service / Secret Service [EPS]

                                         Internal Revenue Service (IRS)

 Department of Veterans Affairs (DVA)

 

Independent Regulatory Commissions / pp. 330 Gitelson

 

Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC)

Civil Rights Commission (CRC)

Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)

Federal Communications Commission (FCC)

Federal Election Commission (FEC)

Federal Maritime Commission (FMC)

Federal Power Commission (FPC)

Federal Reserve Board (FRB)

Federal Trade Commission (FTC)

National Labor Relations Board (NLRB)

Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)

Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)

 

Government Corporations / pp. 332

 

Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CBP) [PBS/NPR] http://www.pbs.org

Corporation for National Service (CNS) http://www.cns.gov

   [AmeriCorps—including VISTA]

   [National Senior Service Corps—RSVP and Foster Grandparents Program]

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)

National Railroad Passenger Corporation (AMTRAK/NRPC) [1-8000-USA-RAIL]

Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)

United States Postal Services (USPS) [800-ASK-USPS]

 

 

 

 

Other Independent Executive Agencies / Single Purpose Agencies /pp.333

 

Ř      Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) reports its budget only to President

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) [FIA / FCIP, 800-638-8780]

General Services Administration (GSA)

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) [Jet Propulsion Lab]

National Endowment for the Arts (NEA) / compare with other NEA

National Credit Union Administration (NCUA)

Office of Personnel Management (OMP) http://www/usajobs.opm.gov

                                                Former Civil Service Commission

Peace Corps

Selective Service System (SSS)

Small Business Administration (SBA) [ACE/ SCORE—http://www.sen.org/civic/score-online]

 (SSA) [ includes Medicare program]

Social Security Administration

 

No Longer Existing Agencies

 

ACTION/ Independent Executive Agency [see Corporation of National Service]

Civil Aeronautics Board (CAB) / Independent Regulatory Commission/ Department of war/ Department of the Navy/ Department of the Post Office

Cabinet Department of Health, Education an Welfare (HEW/ Cabinet Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation (FSLIC) / Government Corporation Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) / Independent Regulatory Commission [see STB under Department of Transportation]