~ Stapled Sheet Page 832 on the back side of the cover: THE ONLY DATES TO MEMORIZE!!
~For all students: If the item is on the stapled pages, the 800 pages, OR the on-line study guides, and the Gitelson book you should know the item for the on-line examination.
~Required only for students reaching for a “A” in the course: the 50 questions on-line examinations for Chapters14 (domestic policy) and Chapter 9 (media) are directly from the Gitelson text. Our professor has NOT simplified Gitelson’s questions to make them easier to answer as has been done for the 25 point on-line exams, A thru L.
#304 B. On the tan “Courts” screen for Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas (1954)
and Thurgood Marshall (blue page)
- Click at Background and read.
* Keep reading and know the attorney provided by the NAACP for Linda Brown and what year segregation ended.
* Know the full name of the case: Brown v. Board of Education Topeka, Kansas.
- Look in the book on page 112. the photo is famous and is seen in many books. Read about Jim Crow laws in the caption.
- Laws requiring segregation in
- Amendments 13, 14, and 15 were made part of the Constitution to give rights to people freed from slavery after the Civil War ended in 1865:.
- They were passed within five years beginning with Amendment 13 in 1865.
States that tried to leave the
13 to end slavery as an economic system was passed after
- Amendments 13, 14, and 15 were esigned to limit power at the state level of government.
- Gitelson, Page 91: the Bill of Rights.
- There are 10 Amendments in the Bill of Rights. They are Amendments #1 through #10.
was the year that the Bill of Rights was written and the year that
- The Bill of Rights was written to limit the Federal level.
of Rights protections were slowly incorporated to limit state
government power through many different decisions by the
- Selective incorporation- “The Supreme Court’s practice of making applicable to the states only those portions of the Bill of Rights that a majority of
ofjustices felt to be fundamental to a democratic society.” (G 92 m). As the years passed, the meaning of the due process clause in Amendment 14 has
expanded to include almost all of the restrictions the Bill of Rights had placed on the national government.
- WASP- White Anglo Saxon Protestant
- Gitelson, page 95: Flag burning. Important for the exam; read about it.
- Read about the Pentagon Papers Case. (The Pentagon is the Department of Defense,one
of the terrorist’s targets on
- Page 97: read about libel (referring to written material) and slander (referring to spoken material)
- Page 102: read “Due Process and Crime” section. The Constitutions let Congress decide that criminals were allowed to have the right to a counsel (lawyer)
in federal criminal cases. Now we have the right to a counsel, in state criminal cases also.
- Exclusionary rule- to stop law enforcement officials from commiting crimes to collect evidence. Note the exclusionary rule.
- Read 106 and 107.
-Page 109: abortion and the Supreme Court’s pro-choice (the choice to keep a pregnancy or not) decision.
Ch.4, 13 Court Case #2. Dred Scott vs. San(d)ford (1857)
was a civil case at a federal level
(Supreme Court case). The plaintiff, Dred Scott,
sewed his owner for his liberty because he had been living in a
This case was a civil case. A state law prohibited Brown to attend an all white school. Thurgood Marshall, the NAACP lawyer for the plaintiff Brown, decided to challenge Plessy v. Ferguson that stated that separate but equal institutions were constitutional. Chief Justice Warren decided that discrimination on the basis of race was unconstitutional, and so was the decision in Plessy v. Ferguson. There was an immediate call for integration of schools.
-- 9 members.
* Look at the triangles and know it, page 817.
*Stapled Sheets: 838à Everyone (A ,B and C students) should know the basics of the Government.
à Page 370: CHATPER 13: know the list of Supreme Court justices
à Also know the presidents that put African American judges on the Supreme Court and
What effect that made on them?
CHAPTER 13, STARTS HERE
Stapled pages, PG 817 Judicial Branch Triangles. Learn the Federal Court System
O – original jurisdiction
A- appellate jurisdiction
Original Jurisdiction is the right of a court to hear a case for the first time.
Page 373 of the above mentioned book has a blue page that teaches the procedures used to select
Judges for state courts.
There are two types of elections, the partisan, and the nonpartisan.
* Partisan elections:
Ø are party affiliated elections, guided by the party
Ø Most all our elected officials use this method of elections
Selecting Judges--National Government Level:
The U.S Senate reviews the judges nominated by the President and then decides whether
or not they will accept the nomination of a judge for a “term of good behavior”.
Selecting State Court Judges--
Partisan Election: election of officials who have a party label listed on the ballot.
Nonpartisan Election: election of officials who DO NOT have a party label listed on the ballot.
Judges are among the state and local elected officials that campaign i The 9 and 14 chapter tests are directly from the Gitelson text. Our professor has simplified Gitelson’s questions to make them easier to answer.
n a nonpartisan election.
Chapter 13, CONTINUED
Types of Juries on pages 96 - 97. Also on Page 816 of 800 pages.
The grand Jury (p. 99)
The Criminal Jury (p. 96)
Impeachment: Chapter 13
“Removing Judges”, pages 372 - 374
The House of Representatives impeaches the person and the U.S Senate holds the trial.
Pages to look at carefully. These have the answers to the test.
Summary on pages 383-384, all numbers except 8, 9, and 10
A. District courts = trial courts / original jurisdiction, pages 361-362
Who Becomes a Federal Judge?
X. WASP = White Anglo Saxon Protestant, page 371 last full paragraph
Y1. Ginsburg (D), page 369f
Y3. O’Connor (R), page 371 center paragraph
Y4. Thomas (R), chapter 8/page 229 end
Y3. Thurgood Marshall, chapter 8/pages 228 end and 229f; page 371 center paragraph
Z. Future judges, perhaps sitting in your class?
DEFINITIONS, including amicus curiae (friend of the court) briefs, page 376m and chapter 8/page 228 end
majority opinion, page 377 center/concurring opinion and dissenting opinion, page 377m
civil action, page 357m, criminal law, trial courts, original jurisdiction, page 358m
SEMESTER REVIEW: http://www.uscourts.gov/about.html