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Each agency under the executive branch enforces laws passed by Congress by enacting rules and regulations.
Agencies are funded by Congress and are usually created by Congress.

EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT (EOP) SB273/ appointments solely at the presidentís, discretion does not require Senate approval; serve until removed by the president. 

The White House Office (WHO) *INFO /SB 273/ presidentís closest advisors and speech writers 

National Security Council (NSC) *INFO / SB 273/ advises on national security and foreign policy

Office of Management & Budget (OMB) *INFO / SB 273 / drafts budget; manages spending 


CABINET DEPARTMENTS *INFO SB 273-275/ each department except the Department of Justice, headed by a secretary. Appointments require Senate approval. Serve until removed by president. 

Department of State (DOS) (est.1789) *INFO / SB274/ promotes U.S. policy abroad

--Foreign Service  *INFO / SB274/ manages foreign embassy personnel representing the U.S. abroad

--Passport Agency/ SB274

--Bureau of Diplomatic Security/ SB274

--Bureau of Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs / SB274

--Bureau of Consular Affairs / SB274


Department of Treasury* (est. 1789) INFO/ SB274/ handles government finances

-- Internal Revenue Service (IRS) *INFO / SB274/ collects revenue, investigates tax fraud and evasion


Department of the Interior (DOI) (est.1849) *INFO / SB 274/ manages federal lands

--US Fish and Wildlife Service/ SB274

-- National Park Service (NPS) *INFO / SB274/ provides support services and rules in national parks

-- Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) *INFO / SB274/ provides services for Native Americans, including job training and health care

-- Bureau of Land Management (BLM) *INFO / SB274/ land title information, regulates use of federal lands


Department of Justice (DOJ) (est. 1870) *INFO/ SB274/ arrests, prosecutes, incarcerates

-- Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) *INFO / SB274/ investigates federal crimes

-- Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) *INFO / SB274/ gathers intelligence, monitors sale of chemicals used for drugs

-- Bureau of Prisons (BOP) *INFO / SB274/ manages federal prisons


Department of Agriculture (USDA) *INFO SB274, 287 / est. (1889) certifies meat, poultry, eggs, manages national forests

-- Forest Service  *INFO/ SB 274/ support services within national forests

--Soil Conservation Service

--Agricultural Research Service

--Food Safety and Inspection Service

--Federal Crop Insurance Corporation

--Commodity Credit Corporations

Department of Labor (DOL) (est.1913)*INFO / SB274/ labor laws, protects workers rights

-- Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) *INFO / SB274/ statistical data on employment, unemployment, work related injury

-- Occupational Safety and Hazard Administration (OSHA) *INFO / SB274/ investigates work related accidents

--Employment Standards Administration / SB274

--Employment and Training Standards / SB274


Department of Commerce (DOC) (est. 1913)*INFO /SB 274/ interstate and international commerce, compiles stats


--Bureau of the Census *INFO/ SB274 conducts the Census every ten years, compiles statistics

--Bureau of Economic Analysis / SB273

--Patent and Trademark Office/ SB273

--National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/ SB273


Department of Defense  (DOD) (est. 1947) *INFO / SB274/ national security, defense, research, gathers intelligence

--National Security Agency/ SB274

-- Joint Chiefs of Staff/ SB274

--Departments of the Air Force, Navy, Army / SB274

--Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency/ SB274

--Defense Intelligence Agency/ SB274

--service academies/ SB274


Department of Housing and Urban Development (est. 1965) (HUD) *INFO / affordable housing, financing, sets housing standards

--Government National Mortgage Association/ SB274

--Office of Community Planning and Development/ SB274

--Office of Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity/ SB274


Department of Transportation (DOT) (est.1967) *INFO / G 326 / regulates all modes of transportation

-- Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) *INFO / SB275/ certifies pilots, monitors use of airspace

--Federal Highway Administration / SB275/

--National Highway Traffic Safety/ SB275/

--Federal Transit Administration/ SB275/

--US Mint / SB274


Department of Energy (DOE) *INFO (est. 1977) / SB275/ researches forms of energy, national security by reducing WMD

--Federal Energy Regulatory Commission/ SB275

--National Nuclear Security Administration/ SB275

Department of Education (DoEd) (est. 1979) *INFO / SB275, 288/ formerly HEW, financial aid, sets standards for education

--Office of Special Education and Rehabilitation Service/ SB275

--Office of Elementary and Secondary Education/ SB275

--Office of Postsecondary Education/ SB275

--Office of Vocational and Adult Education/ SB275

--Office of Federal Student Aid/ SB275


Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) (est. 1979) *INFO / SB275/ formerly HEW, health services
-- Food and Drug Administration (FDA) *INFO approves food, drugs for public use
-- Centers For Disease Control (CDC)*INFO detects, prevents, and documents disease outbreaks
-- National Institute For Health (PHS)*INFO / distributes vaccines, provides public health information

--Public Health Service/ SB275

--Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services/ SB275


Department of Veterans Affairs*(est.1988) INFO / provides health care, rehabilitation, homeless assistance, job training for veterans 

--Veterans Health Administration/ SB275

--Veteran Benefits Administration/ SB275

--National Cemetery Systems/ SB275


Department of Homeland Security (DHS) (est.2003)*INFO/ SB 272, 274, 275/ Attempts to prevents terrorists attacks within the US, control US borders, and minimizes damage from natural disasters

--US Coast Guard *INFO/ SB 275/ previously in the Department of Transportation

--Secret Service [EPS] *INFO / SB 275/ provides executive protection, investigates counterfeit currency

--Federal Emergency Management Agency/ SB 275

--Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services/ SB 275







ACTION/ Independent Executive agency

Civil Aeronautics Board (CAB) / Independent Regulatory Commission

Department of War/ Department of Navy / Department of Post Office / Cabinet

Department of Health, Education and Welfare (HEW) / Cabinet S61

Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation (FSLIC) / Government Corporation

Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) / Independent Regulatory Commission

Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) / Department of Justice

US Customs Service/ SB 275