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Page 837 / 1-27-2005

CHAPTERS 2 & 3: TYPES OF DEMOCRACY and

TYPES of NON-DEMOCRATIC POLITICAL SYSTEMS (D)

(THESE PAGES ARE IN THE ROSS TEXT ONLY, NOT GITELSON: 7, 13, 24-25, 85, 94, 328-9, 363, 389)

 

I.  Types of Democracy:

 

A.  Direct (Gitelson, p. 16, margin)

 

A1.  Face-to-face

a.  Ancient Greece

b.  New England town meetings (see #405 below)

 

A2.  Democracy by Petition:  used only at state and local levels of government  (Ross, p. 328-329)

a. Initiative (including Proposition 13- local government property tax reduction)

b. Referendum (rarely used)

[c. Recall election]

 

A3.   Electronic Democracy (Ross text, p. 389- Ross Perot’s ‘electronic town meetings)

 

B.   Indirect: Representative Democracy [Republic] (Gitelson, p. 16, margin)

 

B1.  Requires protection for rights of minorities

B2.  Requires widespread distribution of power so that no person or group of people has all the power

B3.  Requires elections giving voters significant choices

B4.  Requires widespread participation in decision-making

B5.  Requires majority rule for some decisions

 

II.  Non-democratic forms of government:

 

Tyranny

Despotism

Monarchy

Dictatorship

Totalitarianism

Absolute rule

Authoritarian rule

Autocracy

Theocracy

 

        A.  Allows a small area of privacy or allows no privacy at all

        B.  Allow no parties or only one party

        C.  May be either military or civilian

        D.  May be either religious or non-religious (secular)

 

iii.  Study questions FOR “i. Types of Democracy” AT THE TOP OF THIS PAGE:

 

301.        What is another name for representative democracy?

302.        What are two types of democracy?

303.        What are two examples of face-to-face democracy?

304.        What are the three types of direct democracy listed above?

305.        How many types of democracy by petition are listed above?

306.        The initiative is an example of what type of direct democracy?

307.        How many types of non-democratic forms of government can you name when you test yourself after studying the list above?

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

IV.  STATES OF THE UNITED STATES

 

401.        13 British colonies that became the original United States

402.        2 newest states: Alaska (#49) and Hawaii (#50)

403.        11 states of the Confederate States of America (‘Confederacy’ or ‘South’)

404.        4 slave states that did not leave the Union: Missouri (MO), Kentucky (KY), Maryland (MD), and Delaware (DE).

405.        6 New England States: Massachusetts (MA), Maine (ME), Connecticut (CT), Rhode Island (RI), New Hampshire (NH), Vermont (VT).

 

V. constitutional provisions that protected slavery

 

501.        Article 1, Section 2, Paragraph 3 – p. xxv

502.        Article 1, Section 9, Paragraph 1 – p. xxii

503.        Article IV, Section 2, Paragraph 3 – p.xxix