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COURTS AND CONGRESS: NAMES AND NUMBERS/EXAM REVIEW

 

I.                Nine members of the United States Supreme Court (USE EACH NAME ONCE NEXT TO THE NUMBERS A1 to A9 BELOW)

 

Stephen BREYER/Ruth Bader GINSBURG /John MARSHALL Federalist)/Thurgood MARSHALL (D)/Sandra O'CONNOR/William REHNQUIST/Antonin SCALIA/Clarence THOMAS/Earl WARREN(R)

A. Chief Justices (2001 salary, $186,300)

1. Wrote majority opinion in Marbury v. Madison (1803),

pp. 250-251/appointed by President John Adams, Federalist

2. Wrote majority opinion in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas (1954), pp. 98: 109; 246, center; 255 /appointed by President Dwight Eisenhower(R)

3. Presently Chief Justice, p. 260F/elevated to chief justice by President Ronald Reagan (R) following original appointment by Richard Nixon (R)

B. African American justices

4. First (attorney for Brown in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, KA (1954), page 98; page 109; page 246, center; and page 255-- appointed by President Lyndon B. Johnson (D)

5.    Second (nomination opposed by Anita Hill), pp. 115, 260F--appointed by President Bush (R), the father

 

C. Women justices

6. First/appointed by President Ronald Reagan (R)

7. Second/appointed by President Bill Clinton (D)

D. Other justices

8. First Italian-American/appointed by President Ronald Reagan (R)

9. Least senior/appointed by President Bill Clinton (D)/ p. 265, center

II. What is the significance of these numbers with respect to the U.S. Supreme

Court today or Congress and the California legislature?

 

A. 0 D. 7 G. 40 J. 120

B. 1 E. 8 H. 80 K. 435

C. 2 F. 9 I. 100 L. 535