Make your own free website on Tripod.com

SB Page 807

 

SB CHAPTER 7:  POLITICAL PARTIES—EVOLUTION OF THE TWO MAJOR PARTIES (Pages 171-175)

 

KEY DATES

 

            A.  1789:  U.S. Constitution goes into effect

                             George Washington becomes President

                             Bill of majority Rights is proposed in Congress

 

            B.  1865:  Civil War ends; President Lincoln (GOP) is assassinated;

                             Jim Crow laws require segregation

 

            C.  1929:  Stock market crash begins the Great Depression that leads

                             to Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal, pages 174-175

 

            D.  1945:  F.D.R. dies; World War II ends; the atomic age begins

 

            E.  1954Brown v. Board of Education  of Topeka, Kansas    

                             begins the Civil Rights Movement led by Martin Luther King

 

EVOLUTION OF THE TWO MAJOR PARTIES, p. 172

            A.  Federalists fight for approval of the U.S. Constitution that they had

                  written and signed, p. 172

                  1.  George Washington p. 172                    4.  John Marshall, Chief Justice

                  2.  Alexander Hamilton                              5.  Benjamin Franklin

                  3.  John Adams, 2nd president p. 172        6.  James Madison

            B.  Anti-Federalists/Democratic-Republicans [Republicans] oppose the      

                  Federalists; later they change their name to Democrats, p. 172

                  1.  Thomas Jefferson, p. 172                    3.  Andrew Jackson, p. 173

                  2.  (James Madison)

            C.  Republican Party (G.O.P.) is founded shortly before the Civil War, 

                  become the majority party after 1865, p. 173

                  1.  John C. Fremont, first Republican presidential candidate

                  2.  Abraham Lincoln, first Republican President

            D.  Election of 1912 splits the majority (Republican) party, p. 174

                  1.  William Howard Taft, Republican  (incumbent)

                  2.  Theodore Roosevelt, Progressive (Bull Moose) p. 174

                       and former Republican incumbent

                  3.   Woodrow Wilson, Democrat (minority party winner) p. 174

            E.  Following 1929 and the Great Depression,  Franklin D. Roosevelt

                  makes the Democratic Party the majority with his New Deal coalition

                  pages 174-175