U.S. LABOR UNIONS: HISTORY, VOCABULARY, LEGISLATION—Quiz 2Z

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE: On your Scantron sheet, please fill in thoroughly the letter of the single best choice. TO CHANGE AN ANSWER, ERASE COMPLETELY. YOU MAY MARK ON THESE SHEETS, BUT TURN THEM IN WITH YOUR SCANTRON SHEET INSIDE THEM.

 

1.        What kind of employees can't go on strike?

 

a)        Grocery store employees.                                                              c)  Federal employees.

b)       Factory employees.                                                                        d)  Truck drivers.

 

2.        What president fired 11,500 federal employees from the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization because they went on strike?

 

a)        Ronald Reagan.                                                                               c)  William Clinton.

b)       George Washington.                                                                        d)  George Bush.

 

3.        What is picketing?

 

a)        Court order prohibiting some union or management practice.

b)       Nonunion worker hired to replace a striking worker.

c)        When workers march at a plant entrance to protest some management practice.

d)       Employees' temporary work stoppage until a dispute is settled or a contract signed.

 

4.        What is a boycott?

 

a)        Attempt to keep people from purchasing goods or services from a company as a labor dispute.

b)       Weapon that unions use against the company involved in the dispute.

c)         Both a and b.

d)       None of the above.

 

5.        What is a primary boycott?

 

a)        Court order prohibiting some union or management practice.

b)       Nonunion worker hired to replace a striking worker.

c)        Management shutdown of a firm to pressure union members.

d)       When union members urge people not to patronize a firm directly involved in a labor dispute.

 

6.        What is a secondary boycott?

 

a)        Negotiation between management and union representatives concerning wages and working conditions.

b)       Illegal policy requiring a firm to hire only current union members.

c)        Boycott intended to force an employer to stop dealing with another firm involved in a labor dispute.

d)       Union with members outside the United States.

 

7.        What are the weapons of management for dealing with organized labor?

 

a)        Lockout and strikebreaker.                                                             c) Boycott, strike, and picketing.

b)       Injunction, strike, and boycott.                                                      d) Only boycott.

 

8.        What is a strikebreaker?

 

a)        Management shutdown of a company.

b)       Negotiation between management and union representatives concerning wages and working conditions.

c)        Nonunion worker hired to replace a striking worker.

d)       When workers march at a plant entrance to protest some management practice.

 

9.        What is a lockout?

 

a)        Management shutdown of a firm to pressure union members.                      c) Unfair practice of unions.

b)       Branch of a national union representing members in a specific area.              d) Name of a presidential campaign.

 

10.     What is an injunction?

 

a)        It makes union membership voluntary for all employees.                             c)  Peaceful boycott.

b)       Court order prohibiting some union or management practice.                        d)  All of the above.